Developed at SPbU Faculty of Philology
by charitable donation from the Russkiy Mir Foundation
Russkiy Mir Foundation
The New Testament
The manuscript tradition of the New Testament was characterised by the fact that the period of time between the creation of the text and the first manuscript - witness of the text was a few decades only. It resulted from the authority of texts in the early Church. After the fall of the Sinai Covenant new soteriological concepts appear in the Jewish environment. Prophet Isaiah announces Zion, i.e. Jerusalem, to become a new Sinai. The figure of king as a Messiah gains particular importance. This Old Testament concept is implemented in the New Testament where Jesus is the Messiah. The earliest writings of the New Testament are the epistles of Paul that appear between 49 and 56 AD. Not all the epistles belong to Paul, part of them are later compilations. The Gospels are supposed to date back to the 70s AD. The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke are called synoptic. The events of Jesus's life described in them can be compared with each other. The Gospel of John occupies a particular place here. John considers Christianity as a universal religion and not as views of a narrow group of Jesus's followers. The New Testament ends with the Apocalypse compiled of the Old Testament prophecies according the cento principle. The destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 AD gave an impetus to fix the New Testament canon: when all hope for the Second Coming was lost, there appeared a need to write down the most undisputed texts.

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